MSA Star Kalkaska Sheriff Office
Snowmobile Patrol
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SNOWMOBILE PATROL

During the snowmobile season Sheriff Deputy Zig Bogumil patrols all Kalkaska area snowmobile trails, forest trails/roads and county roads.

Special Operations Snowmobile 1Snowmobile Patrol is assigned to deputies that have proven proficiency on the machines in addition to specialized training in the statutory aspects of the operation, licensing, and registration of these vehicles.

This patrol normally operates on weekends and will occasionally work special events. Selective enforcement may be necessary based upon special requests or complaints received from citizens. Typically, deputies patrol the snowmobile trails and selected areas conducting inspections and compliance checks to ensure that operators adhere to state and local laws. The snowmobile patrol may be requested to assist at accident scenes and could at any time, be called out for search and rescue operations.

Michigan Snowmobile Law:
The following is a summary of important highlights from the Michigan Snowmobile Law that every owner/operator is expected to know, understand and obey.  This Fact Sheet is provided as a service to encourage safety, awareness and responsibility.

Effective 10/01/00, a person is NOT permitted to operate a snowmobile, if his/her Michigan operator's license is suspended or revoked.  Non-residents with suspended or revoked licenses in the state in which he/she resides, are also not permitted to operate a snowmobile in Michigan.

REGISTRATION
Registration Number and Trail Permit1.  All snowmobiles must be registered in Michigan, except:
- Those operated exclusively on lands owned or under the control of the snowmobile owner; 
- Those registered in another state; or
- Those operated exclusively in a special event conducted under a permit from a governmental unit.

2. A person who desires to operate a snowmobile in this state shall purchase a Michigan snowmobile trail permit sticker.  The trail permit stickers shall be permanently affixed to the forward half of the snowmobile directly above or below the headlight of the snowmobile.  A snowmobile used solely for transportation on the frozen surface of public water for the purpose of ice fishing is exempt for the requirement of purchasing and displaying the trail permit sticker.

Note:  Snowmobile Trail Permits can be obtained from most sporting good stores, snowmobile dealerships or online from Michigan DNR (MDNR) ELicense. to access MDNR eLicense.

3.  The owner of a snowmobile having been issued a certificate of registration for a snowmobile shall affix to each side of the forward half of the cowl above the footwell of the snowmobile,  the registration decal assigned to that snowmobile.  Beginning July 1, 2000 the registration decal will include the registration expiration date and a registration number which will contain 2 letters and 4 numbers.

4. The operator of a snowmobile is required to carry the registration certificate for the snowmobile when operating the snowmobile.  This registration certificate must be presented to a law enforcement officer, upon request.

REGULATIONS
1.  A person shall NOT operate a snowmobile:
Special Operations Snowmobile 2-At a rate of speed greater than is reasonable for conditions. Many snowmobilers believe there is no speed limit.  The fact is, the highest legal speed for any vehicle anywhere in the county is 55 mph.
- While under the influence of alcohol or controlled substance.
- Without an operating headlight, taillight, brake light or brakes that are in good working condition.
- Within 100 feet of any person on ice or ice shanty; or any slide, ski or skating area.
- Without a muffler no louder than 86 decibels measured at a distance of 50 feet.
- Within 100 feet of a dwelling between midnight and 6:00 a.m., except at a very slow speed.
- In, on or across a cemetery, airport, railroad right of way, or forest nursery.
- While carrying an uncased or loaded firearm or  strung bow.
- On private property without written permission of owner.
- On a public or private parking lot.
- On a public highway, street, or sidewalk.
- Upon a highway, public trail, frozen surface of a lake or other public place including an area designated for the parking of snowmobiles in a careless or negligent manner.

HUNTING REGULATIONS
1.  A person shall NOT operate a snowmobile:
- To hunt, pursue, worry or kill any wild bird or animal.
- While carrying an uncased or loaded firearm or strung bow.

RESTRICTIONS ON YOUTHFUL OPERATORS
1.  Operators under 12 years of age:
- Must be under the direct supervision of a parent or guardian, except when operating on land or under control of parent or legal guardian.  The adult or person of direct supervision must be a person who is 21 years of age of older.
- Cannot cross a highway or street while operating a snowmobile.
- An adult having responsibility for a youthful operator may beheld accountable for any violations of the law committed by the youth.

2.  Operators between 12 and 17 years of age:
- Must be under the direct supervision of an adult who is 21 years of age or older and in the immediate vicinity and directly observing the youthful operator; or
- Have an approved snowmobile safety certificate in their possession before being allowed to operate alone, or
- Be operating on land owned or under the control of their parent or legal guardian.
- Can cross a highway or street if they have a valid snowmobile safety certificate in their possession.

3.  Snowmobile Safety Certificates shall be presented to any peace officer upon demand.

4.  The owner of a snowmobile is responsible for operation contrary to this section.

5. Snowmobile Safety Training classes are offered throughout the state.  Information on classes may be obtained for any DNR District Headquarters.

Note: For a schedule of any upcoming Snowmobile Safety Certificate Classes
for children between the ages of 12 and 17 years of age, you may check the DNR website
or for a list of classes offered state wide .

Special Operations Snowmobile 3EQUIPMENT
1.  A snowmobile shall NOT be operated unless it has at least:
- One headlight that emits a white light; and
- One taillight; and
- Operating brake light; and
- Adequate brakes; and
- A muffler no louder than 78 decibels, measured at 50 feet.
- A person operating or riding on a snowmobile shall wear a crash helmet on his/her head.

RECOMMENDED EQUIPMENT
1.  The following equipment is not required by law, but is recommended for safety:
- Approved eye protection.
- An insulated snowmobile suit.
- Heavy duty gloves that provide both hand and finger protection and secure grip on the controls.
- Insulated boots for ankle and foot protection.

EMERGENCY EQUIPMENT
1.  The following equipment is not required by law, but is recommended for emergency situations:
- Tool kit (knife, pliers, adjustable wrench, electrical tape, plug wrench and screwdriver).
- Flashlight (extra battery and bulb)
- Matches (candles).
- Disposable blanket (heat reflecting type).
- First Aid kit.
- Maps and compass (extra copies).

SNOWMOBILE AREAS OF OPERATION
1.  A person may NOT operate a snowmobile in the following places:
- On an airport; or
- On a public or private parking lot; or
- On a railroad right of way; or
- In a cemetery; or
- On a forest nursery; or
- On private property or farm fields without permission, (posted or unposted); or
- On a public highway, street, or sidewalk; or
- On the shoulder of any state highway, including M-72, M-66, and US-131 in Kalkaska County, when no unplowed right of way exists.

Right Away Snowmobile2.  A person may operate a snowmobile in the following places:
- On a designated trail system; or
- On the unplowed right of way of a State Highway (US131, M72, M66) if operated with the flow of traffic and in a single file; or
- On the roadway or shoulder when necessary to cross a bridge or culvert.  The snowmobile MUST be brought to a complete stop before entering the roadway and MUST yield to approaching traffic; or
- Across a public highway, other than a limited access highway, at right angles for the purposes of getting from one area to another.  The snowmobile must be brought to a complete stop before crossing.  Children under 12 cannot operate a snowmobile while crossing a roadway.
- On all County Roads when operating to the extreme right with the flow of traffic.

TRESPASS
1.  A person shall NOT operate a snowmobile:
- On private property whether open, fenced, enclosed, posted or unposted; or
- When notice against trespass is personally communicated by the owner, or other authorized person; or
- In or upon farmlands, farm wood lots or platted property without written permission of the land owner.

ACCIDENTS
1. An operator of a snowmobile involved in an accident resulting in injuries, death, or property damage of $100 or more, must immediately notify the nearest law enforcement agency.

Special Operations Snowmobile 4LAW ENFORCEMENT
1. An operator of a snowmobile must bring their snowmobile to a complete stop when signaled to do so by a law enforcement officer.  FAILURE TO DO SO IS A MISDEMEANOR.

PRIMA FACIE EVIDENCE OWNER IS OPERATOR
1. The registration number displayed on a snowmobile constitutes prima facie evidence that the owner of the snowmobile was the operator at the time of the offense.  Any violations, or warrants for arrest, will be sought against the owner of the snowmobile.

LOCAL LAWS
1. Cities, villages or townships may have passed local snowmobile ordinances.  Operators are responsible to find out if any local regulations are in effect and comply.

2. The Village of Kalkaska does have such an ordinance.  For example, the pathway south of Island Lake Road is a non-motorized path.  Snowmobiles are prohibited from using this path and associated bridge.  To cross the Boardman River, snowmobiles should use the bridge pathway connected to the highway bridge.

3. Copies of local ordinances are available at all gas stations and restaurants, as well as, village offices.  Specific attention should be given to designated routes and the 15MPH speed limit within the village of Kalkaska.

PENALTY
1.  Any person who violates the provisions of Act 74-PA 1968 (Snowmobile Law) is guilty of a misdemeanor.

SAFETY IS EVERYONE'S RESPONSIBILITY
1.  Most accidents are caused by operator error.  The most common causes of snowmobile accidents are:
Excessive Speed .... Terrain Unfamiliarity .... Failure to Signal Intentions .... Observe Hazards .... Faulty Equipment

AS A SNOWMOBILER OWNER/OPERATOR, USE THE SAME CARE, CAUTION AND RESPECT THAT YOU WOULD EXPECT FROM OTHERS.

EMERGENCY TRAIL LOCATOR SYSTEM

Trail Markers

Throughout the snowmobile trails of Kalkaska County, you will see these signs.  The first set of red numbers designate the trail that you are on and the second set is your location.

These signs can be found at all road crossings; as well as, along the trails.  Each of these locations are mapped with GPS co-ordinates to assist emergency personnel in locating those in need of help.

If you need help, dial 911 and give the operator the number on the sign.
 
 
 
 
 
 

Snowmobile trail systems within the County of Kalkaska are:

  Trail 6 - Runs alone the Missakee County Line.
  Trail 55 - Runs from Grand Traverse into Kalkaska Village and back to the north into Grand Traverse.
  Trail 76 - Runs from Missaukee County, north through Kalkaska into Antrim County connects to Trail 4.
  Trail 79 - Runs along the east side of Kalkaska off Trail 679 and connects to Trail 76.
  Trail 679 - Runs along the east side of Kalkaska into Crawford County. It connects to Trail 79.

 for the Michigan Snowmobile Regulations

For snowmobile trail conditions call Kalkaska Chamber of Commerce at 231-258-9103

DNR Snowmobile Trail Maps within Kalkaska County - Click on Below Link

  - Kalkaska Snowmobile Trail Map

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